Showing posts with label Kadambas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Kadambas. Show all posts

Sri Kamala Narayana Swamy Temple, Degaon/Deganve, Belagavi

As we were driving towards Khanapur during one of our trips to the district of Belagavi, we came across a board directing us to Degaon/Deganve. Vaguely recollecting about the presence of a beautiful temple dedicated to 'Sri Kamala Narayana Swamy' here, we stopped by to check it out. Without any hesitance, we took a left turn towards this temple. After traveling for about 2 km, we reached the beautiful temple of Sri Kamala Narayana Swamy. Thanks to the incessant rains, this entire region had turned lush green. Sri Kamala Narayana temple was constructed in 1174 AD by Rani Kamaladevi, wife of the Goa Kadamba chief Shivachitta Permadi.
Sri Kamala Narayana Swamy Temple, Degaon/ Deganve
Sri Kamala Narayana Swamy Temple, Degaon/ Deganve
Sri Lakshmi Narayana
Lakshmi Devi Garbhagriha
Sri Lakshmi Devi
The agrahara of Devagrama, erstwhile name of Deganve was built around the Kamala Narayana temple by queen Kamaladevi. The inscription of 1174 AD found here states the same, while another mentions the name of a sculptor Nageya or Nagayya, who probably was the sculptor in-charge of this temple, thus finding his mention in the inscription. This dwikuta (modified trikuta) temple is dedicated to Sri Kamala Narayana Swamy and Goddess Lakshmi. This is a unique dwikuta temple with a big devakoshtha (niche) in between the two garbhagrihas, housing a beautiful murti of  Sri Lakshmi Narayana and decorated similar to the garbhagrihas. It is without an antarala and opens directly into the Navaranga. The other two garbhagrihas have elaborate antarala, opening into a common navaranga with two mukhamantapas facing them.
Sri Kamala Narayana Garbhagriha
Beautiful Central Floral Decorated Ceiling
A Close up
Pillared Alley
Side View of Sri Kamala Narayana Swamy Temple
This temple is considered to be one of the finest surviving temples built by the Goa Kadamba dynasty. The door frames of the garbhagrihas and the northern Mukhamantapa are heavily decked with floral carvings. The ceilings of the Navaranga are deep and adorned with floral pendants in high relief. The Shikharas are non-existent and is believed to be of Kadamba Nagara style. Another unique feature of this temple is the presence of Kakshasana (bench) at the low relief walls of the mukhamantapas. The themes of Krishnaleela, Dashavatara, Madanikas and a few erotic scenes are engraved on the walls of the Kakshasana. 
Krishnaleela and Vishnu Avataras 
Sri Krishnaleela
Naga - Nagini Stone
Directions to Degaon: It is located about 15 km from Kittur, towards Khanapur.

References: Karnataka Gazetteer 
Related Posts:

Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Temple, Halasi - Temples of Karnataka

Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
A visit to Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha temple at Halasi was long time pending until finally we got an opportunity to take the lord's blessings during our trip to Belagavi. Halasi is an  ancient town and was the second capital city of the Banavasi Kadambas during the 4th to 6th century. This place was known as Palashi, Palasika, Halasige as per the various inscriptions found here. Later under the Goa Kadambas it was a minor capital between the 10th and 13th centuries. Halasi flourished under these two dynasties and remained as an important cultural site back then. Today this town lives in oblivion and has lost all its ancient sheen. 7 copper plates of the Kadamba dynasty were found here which have been dated back to the 4th century, thus making Halasi one of the oldest towns of this region. There are many other inscriptions found here belonging to the later kings.
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Sri Shankara Narayana Swamy Temple, Halasi
There are many temples here namely, the Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha temple, Sri Kapileshwara temple, Sri Suvarneshwara temple, Sri Kalleshwara temple, Sri Hatakeshwara temple, Sri Gokarneshwara temple and a Jaina Basadi. Due to paucity of time, we could visit only the Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha temple built in the 5th Century. The original temple built was dedicated to Lord Narasimha. The lord here is depicted with two hands in yogic postures and it is believed that this murti is a Swamyabhu or self- originated one. There is another big murti of Sri Yoga Narayana in the same garbhagriha installed later during the Goa Kadamba period. The inscriptions of 1169 AD found here registers the construction of this temple and installation of the murti of Ananta Virvikrama Narasimha by one Matayogi, as per the instructions of the king's mother.
Tortoise
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Grand Bhuvaraha Murti
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Yoga Narayana
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Garbhagriha   of Yoga Narayana
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Sri Swamyabhu Narasimha Swamy
The murti of Sri Bhuvaraha was installed in the year 1187 by King Vijayaditya III in the second garbhagriha, opposite to the garbhagriha dedicated to the main deity. Though there are two garbhagrihas, only the original garbhagriha has a Shikara in the Kadamba Nagara style, built probably much later during the Goa Kadamba period. This temple bears architectural resemblance to Sri Madhukeshwara temple at Banavasi to some extent. The temple has two garbhagrihas with an attached antarala, opening into a common Navaranga with 2 mukhamandapas. The central ceiling of the Navaranga carries a beautiful inverted lotus motif, but is now covered with a wooden plank. The temple is built on an elevated platform. There are a few smaller temples in the complex dedicated to Lords Shankara Narayana, Garuda, Maruti, Radha Krishna and also a stepped well. The complex is well maintained and its temples are functional. This temple is perhaps the oldest surviving temple dedicated to Lord Narasimha.
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Kadamba Nagara Shikara
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Nagadevatha
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Alingana Chandrashekaramurti
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Stepped Well
Sri Bhuvaraha Narasimha Swamy Temple, Halasi
Sati Stone
Directions to Halasi: About 40km from Kittur towards Khanapur, deviation after Bidi.
References: 
1. Karnataka Gazetteer
Related Posts:
1.  Sri Kamala Narayana Swamy Temple, Degaon 
2.  Sri Shantheshwara Temple, Tilavalli
3.  Sri Mahadeva Temple, Kurdi/Curti Goa.




Sri Tribhuvaneshwara Temple, Devagiri, Haveri

Sri Tribhuvaneshwara Temple, Devagiri, Haveri
Sri Tribhuvaneshwara Temple, Devagiri
'Devagiri' is a small village about 10 km from Haveri and close to the Bangalore - Pune highway. This place was called by different names by different dynasties such as Devingiri, Devageri and lastly as Devagiri. It is believed that a branch of Kadamba dynasty was ruling from "Triparvata" which is the oldest record name of Devagiri. Three copper records of the Kadambas were discovered in this village, two of which are dated to 455 AD  were issued by King Vijayasri Mrighesavarma and the remaining one was issued by the crowned prince Devavarma. All the three records speak about the construction and maintenance of  a Jain temple referred to as Arhat Bhagavata Chaityalaya. Though no Jain Basadi was found in this place, it is said that there is a mutilated murti of Lord Parshwanatha seated in padmasana posture behind a Mosque in a private land.
Ruins Scattered
Chalukyan Herostone
Veeragallu Belonging to Chalukyan Era
A stone inscription found here dated to 600 AD refers to a feudatory who was ruling this place from Banavasi. The other inscription dated to around 7th century AD speaks about the land grant given to a temple by the Badami Chalukyan Emperor Vikramaditya II. Another gives us information regarding a gift of one thousand cows by Amarakeerthy to the village temple in 8th century AD. Later this place was ruled by the Rashtrakuta king Govindabbe during 9th century AD as per a stone inscription here. The construction of the "Tribhuvaneshwara Temple" and a reservoir by Tribhuvanasingi is recorded in a 1102 AD inscription belonging to the Kalyani Chalukya King Vikramaditya VI. The various inscriptions found here mention about the temples built here such as the Chaityalaya, Kankaleshwara, Govindeshwara, Chatmeshwara, Grameshwara, Tribhuvaneshwara to name a few. Except for the Tribhuvaneshwara temple, most of the rest are either untraceable or modified beyond identification. Sri Tribhuvaneshwara temple  is popularly called now as the Basavanna and Eshwara temple.
Sri Tribhuvaneshwara Temple
The Front View
Sri Basavanna Temple
Shaiva Dwarapalaka and a Stone Inscription
Although the Eshwara/Tribhuvaneshwara temple has undergone restoration, the original structure has been retained wherever possible. Remains of the temple and its ruins seen spread across gives a fair idea of the destruction by the Bahamani sultans here. The Eshwara temple consists of a Garbhagriha, an antarala and Navaranga pretty much similar to the Basavanna temple. A rare and unique feature is the presence of a Makara torana at the threshold (Hostilu in Kannada) of the door. The door jambs of Antarala have some beautiful carvings of the Gandharvas. Many inscriptions and broken murtis are kept in the temple complex. There is a huge tank besides the temple which today is in  a ruined state, with few murtis scattered across. There is a much revered Lord Hanuman temple in the center of village which is believed to have been built by a Brahman Dewan under the Nawab of Savanur.
Navaranga, Antarala and Garbhagriha of Sri Tribhuvaneshwara Temple
Lord Ganesha with Gandharvas on the Door Jamb
Central Ceiling Decked with Lotus Flower Carving
Makara Torana Attached to Hostilu of Mukhamantapa
Part of Makara Torana
Damaged Navagraha Panel with only 6 Remaining
Further excavations are necessary in order to explore more about the history of this village and to rediscover and restore the lost temples. 

References:
1. Dharwad District Gazetteer - GOK

The Hoysala Temples of Udri, Shimoga

      The village of Udri is located on the border of Soraba taluk of Shimoga district. Also known by various names such as Uddhura, Uddhare and Uddharapura in the inscriptions found here, Udri is described in the inscriptions as the principal defense and treasure house of the chiefs of Jiddulige-Nadu, one of the territorial divisions of Banavasi province of the Hoysala period. Udri houses a few temples belonging to that period.

Dwarapalaks Hoysala
Life Size Dwarapalaka
Udri Shimoga
Lord Veerabhadra Swamy Temple
     The first temple we visited was dedicated to the couple god Lakshmi Narashima. Though the temple was simple in architecture, the idol  of the deities were quite intricate resembling Hoysala style of artwork. The other temple dedicated to Lord Ishvara had simple exteriors with a Nagari Shikara while the Vestibule housed beautifully carved Jaina figures in a sitting posture being attended to by the chamara bearers. The interiors of the temple were quite exquisite with beautiful lathe turned pillars and well carved ceilings. Interestingly, the lintel over the Sukhanasi and the entrance of the temple have carvings of seated Jaina figures, suggesting this very likely to be a Jain temple which in due course of time may have been converted into Ishvara/ Shiva temple. A number of Sati stones were found around the temple. These stones are referred to Sallekhana, one of the practices of Jainism.

Lakshmi Narashima Temple Shimoga
Lord Lakshmi Narashima Temple
Lord Lakshmi Narashima
Lord Ishvara Temple or Jain Temple
Lintel with Jaina Figures  
Inscriptions and Sati Stones
      Hereon we moved on to another Shiva temple which was almost in ruins, giving it a very rustic look. The carvings on the temple were much more intricate and detailed than the above two, suggesting that this could have been built much later. The last temple we visited was dedicated to Lord Veerabhadra and had been completely renovated. The life-size idols of Shaiva Dwarapalakas present here were truly a masterpiece of art. There were also a few unique hero stones around this temple in which the images of  heroes were similar to aliens. 

Lord Shiva Temple
Exquisitely Carved Lintel

Sati Stone
Weirdly Carved Hero Stone  

Information credit : Archaeological Survey of India