Monday, November 28, 2011

Muktesvara Temple, Chaudayyadanapura -II

"Muktesvara temple" is a dwikuta temple and is a masterpiece portraying the style, culture and architecture of the Chalukyan era. It is considered to have been built in the Jakkanacharyan style of Architecture. There are two entrances to the temple, one from the south and other from the east. Both entrances have beautiful porches. The door frames are decorative and classic, representing true Kalyani Chalukyan Architecture. There is also a carving of Lord Mahesvara on the main door lintels.
Muktesvara Temple
Lovely Door Frame
Lord Mahesvara on the Lintel
Decorative Carvings
Carving of Animals on the Door Frame
Door Frame of the East Entrance
      There is a small Shiva Linga inside the Garbhagriha and the door frame of the Sukanasi is skillfully executed. There is a Mantapa on the front side of the east entrance . The exterior walls of the temple carry  carvings of Lord Shiva in his various forms, Lord Ganesha, Goddess Saraswathi, Lord Krishna, Lord Surya and other gods. The artistic work on the outer wall is commendable.
Sukanasi Door Frame
Lintel of Sukanasi Door Frame
Outer Ceiling
Inner Ceiling 
Carvings of Dance Troupe on the  Front Porch
Lord Ganesha
Intricate Carvings on Temple Walls
Empty Devakosthas
Wonderful Floral Depictions
Miniature Shikaras
Temple Shikara
     It is definitely one amongst the well maintained temples of Karnataka. The temple remains open throughout the day irrespective of  the priest's presence.
Directions from Bangalore: Bangalore-NH4-Tumkur-Chitradurga-Davangere-Ranebennur-Right Turn towards Guttal-Right Turn towards Choudayyadanapura (Be sure not to miss this turn as there are no sign boards indicating the same, The right turn to be taken is about 6 km before Guttal)
Distance from Bangalore: About 330 km

Mukteshwara Temple, Chaudayyadanapura

      On reaching Ranebennur cross on the NH4 highway and realizing  that Caudadanapura was situated close by, we were curious to see the temple of Muktheshwara that we had read about a while ago. We inquired about this place, but there seemed to be a lot of confusion with regards to the pronunciation of the name when finally, a jeep driver came to our rescue by correcting the same, from Caudadanapura to Chaudayyadanapura. On following his directions, we reached Chaudayyadanapura / Caudadanapura, a small village situated on the banks of  the river Tungabhadra of Ranebennur Taluk, Haveri District. This place gets its name from the Veerashaiva Saint and Boatman, Sharana Ambigara Chaudaiah who lived here during the 12th Century. The place is also called by various names such as Shivapura, Muktikshetra and Gope. As per our readings, a mantapa on the bank of the river Tungabhadra housed the samadhi (Gadduge) of  Sharana Ambigara Chaudaiah. But, we found only a small structure on the banks which we thought to be the samadhi, though not confirmed.
Samadhi of Sharana Ambigara Chaudaiah
      The temple of Mukteshwara in Chaudayyadanapura was built by the Chalukyas in the12th Century. According to a legend,  this place is situated at place where river Tungabhadra changes its path or direction of flow indicating the beginning of a new course, symbolizing  Mukti / Salvation (Redemption). Hence, this place is called as Mukthikshetra  and the deity worshiped here is Lord Mukteshwara or the God of Salvation. From our observations, it seems like our ancestors chose places close to water bodies and the summit of hills for the construction of the temples as these places were considered to be sacred.
Mukteshwara Temple Complex
      There are eight main  inscriptions found in this place. As per the book referred below, one of the inscriptions states that, in the year 1191, an ascetic/saint by name Muktajiyar was at this place and performed rigorous rituals to please Lord Mukthinatha. Thus, the deity here came to be known as Muktesha. It further states that the name of Lord Mukteshwara was appropriate as he was bestowing Mukti on his disciples.
      The temple complex consists of the main temple of Mukteshwara, the Kallideva temple, two small Shiva temples, another temple with four compartments of which two are dedicated to Lord Shiva, one for Lord Virabhadra and the other to goddess Chamundi. A Keerthistambha stands tall (about thirty feet) at the entrance of the complex. There is also a Gadduge of the saint Shivadeva inside the temple complex.
Kallideva Temple
Kallideva and two Shiva linga temples
Shiva Linga
Virabhadra , Shiva Linga and the Chamundi Temple
Virabhadra Statue
Samadhi (Gadduge) of Saint Shivadeva
Depiction of Disciples
The entire temple complex is well maintained.
Reference: The Temple of Muktesvara at Caudadanapura: A Little-Known 12th-13th Century Temple in Dharwar District, Karnataka (Kalasamalocana)  by Vasundhara Filliozat. Vasundhara Filliozat is a freelance historian and epigraphist. She has worked on many aspects of history of the Karnataka kings and the temple of Jakkanachari style in the Dharwar District. The above referred book contains a detailed study of the temple of Muktheswara and has been used for providing information in this post.
Continued here. 

Thursday, November 24, 2011

Critters of T G Halli Reservoir

 'T G Halli Reservoir' is located on the Bangalore Magadi Highway. Entry to the dam is possible only with prior permission from Cauvery Bhavan, located in Bangalore. Yet, there are many ways of enjoying its surroundings.This place is a heaven for bird watchers and nature lovers. 
Peacock Pansy
Common Castor
Plain Tiger
Plain Orange Tip
Stale Flash
White Hairy Caterpillar
Praying Mantis
Stick Case Pupae

Thursday, November 17, 2011

Malleswara Temple, Aghalaya - Get rid of your Sins

  "Aghalaya" houses a magnificent Malleswara temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is situated  in between Melukote and Shravana Belagola. Though we had a chance to visit this temple before, we were not allowed to see the temple at that time as there was some trouble in the village. Also, we were just beginning to learn about Hoysala temples and so we did not realize completely what we had missed. Recently, we had a second chance to explore this unique and unusual Trikuta Hoysala temple at Aghalaya and so we did.
The Malleshwara Temple, Aghalaya
Trikuta (Three Chambers)
      Aghalaya means destruction of sins (Agha = Sin, Laya = Destroy). Nothing much is know about the temple's history, except that it was built by the Hoysalas during the12th Century. This temple covers a large area compared to many other Hoysala temples. It is a Trikuta temple, having three Chambers or Gribhagriha, all facing East. It is similar to the Govindanahalli temple (which is a Panchakuta temple, having five chambers). The interiors and exteriors set a good example of the Hoysala architecture. Another interesting feature was that though the outer carvings  were of Lord Vishnu, the deity worshiped in the temple was Lord Shiva.
Front Porch
Outer Ceiling
Lord Ganesha
Mahishasura Mardini
Uma Maheshwara
Lord Shiva , Goddess Parvathi and Lord Ganesha
Decorative Work on the Pillar Top
Naga Stones and Perforated Window
Lord Vishnu's various forms and the Garuda-I
Lord Vishnu's various forms and the Garuda-II
First Three of the Dashavataras
Lord Panduranga Vittal 
Art Work on the Outer Wall
Renovated portion v/s Original
   Like many other temples around  this region, this temple was renovated by the Govt of Karnataka with the help of the Dharmasthala Trust. The priest here was a very gentle and kind person. 

Location : Between Melukote and Shravanabelagola 

Places to Visit Around : Shravanabelagola, Melukote, Sante Bachahalli, Kambadahalli, Bindigananavile, Govindanahalli, Kikkeri, Aghrahara Bachahalli, and many more