Showing posts with label Chalukyas. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Chalukyas. Show all posts

Sri Kalleshwara Temple, Bethuru, Davanagere

Sri Kalleshwara Swamy Temple, Bethuru, Davanagere
Sri Kalleshwara Swamy Temple, Bethuru
Having read about a beautiful Kalleshwara temple probably built by the Cholas in the district of Davanagere, it was always in the back of our minds to visit this interesting temple. There are quite a few temples in this region and Northern Karnataka built by the Cholas in the post Badami Chalukyan era. Earlier this year, we got a chance to visit Sri Basaveshwara temple at Hallur of Bagalkot district, also built by the Cholas around 8th century. Thus, it was quite intriguing to explore more Chola temples in the heartland of Karnataka, which otherwise is dominated by the Art and Architecture of the Hoysalas and Chalukyas. Bethuru is a small village lost in oblivion, and the was evident as many of my local friends were totally ignorant and uninformed of its location and whereabouts. Though this village popped up on the google map, we were surprised that the locals were unaware of its existence owing to its close proximity to Davanagere.
Places to visit near to Davangere
Sri Kalleshwara Swamy Temple
Places to visit around Davanagere
Chola temple, Davanagere
Front View of the Temple

We reached the village of Bethuru which is located at a distance of about 4 km without much difficulty and found the temple quite easily. However, we were displeased to witness such a beautiful temple in a sheer state of neglect, without any care or maintenance. While we were moving around, a person came by and introduced himself as the caretaker of Sri Kalleshwara temple, though an unofficial one. He visits the temple daily to do the necessary cleaning of the temple and decks up the god here with the flowers he collects. Though there are no daily pujas/rituals being performed here, he tries his best to keep the temple alive by lighting deepas (lamps) everyday. He shares his personal experience about how doctors gave up hope on his survival due to his chronic diabetic condition and that he would survive only for a few days. But ever since he started visiting this temple daily, he has only felt better, without facing any major health issues. He went on to explain that nobody in the village is interested in the upbringing of the temple and its maintenance, and whatever little money was raised to restore the temple was taken off by a few greedy people who ran away from the village and never returned. A lot of snakes happen to visit this temple regularly and embrace the Shiva Linga here, with one such incident having occurred recently during the Dasara festival. He showed us the remains of the shed skin of a snake inside the temple as a proof. He has carefully preserved it and shows it off to visitors with pride.
Snake Skin
Lord Kalleshwara
Murti of Goddess Saraswathi
Goddess Saraswathi

This temple was built either by Rashtrakutas or Nolambas between the 8th and 9th centuries. Later between 11th -13th  century, this temple under went a few additions/renovation under the Kalyana Chalukyas/ Uchangi Pandyas/ Hoysalas. Many hero-stones found here which are now kept near the temple belong to these dynasties. The most pleasing sight here is that of a beautiful carving on the ceiling panel of 'Gajasura Samara/ Gajasurasamhara' (depiction of Lord Shiva slaying the elephant demon Gajasura) in the central portion, surrounded by the Ashtadikapalas. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva in the form of a Linga, with murtis of goddesses Saraswathi and Sapthamatrikas and Lord Subramanya kept in the Navaranga of the temple. The Shikara of the temple is a perfect example of early Cholan architecture. This temple definitely needs and deserves more care and maintenance in order to be preserved for future generations.
Lord Gajasurasamhara Murti
Lord Gajasurasamhara Murti
Guardian of Directions - Asthadikpalas
 Lord Ishana and Parvathi Riding on Bull  (the Guardian of the North East Direction)
Veeragallus
Hero-Stones
The Typical Rashtrakuta Shikara
How to reach Bethuru: From Davanagere, take the road to Jagalur and travel for about 4 km to reach Bethuru.
Accommodation: Owing to its close proximity to Davanagere, accommodation is not very difficult, with one having a wide range of options suiting all budgets. Our preferred place for stay here was Hotel Anand Residency, situated besides the KSRTC bus stand.
Places to visit nearby: Anekonda, Harihara, Bagali, Unchangidurga, Unchangipura, Kanakuppa, Bankapura, Haveri, Ranebennur and many such.

References:
1. Puratattva

Related Posts:
1. Top 100 Lesser Known Temples of Karnataka
2. Chola Temples of Vagata
3. Chola Temples of Binnamangala

ಡಂಬಳದ ಗುಡಿಗಳು

ಡಂಬಳ, ಗದಗ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆಯ ಮುಂಡರಗಿ ತಾಲೂಕಿನ ಒಂದು ಪುಟ್ಟ ಗ್ರಾಮ. ಇಲ್ಲಿನ ದೊಡ್ಡ ಬಸಪ್ಪ ಗುಡಿಯು ಕನ್ನಡ ನಾಡಿನ ಹೆಮ್ಮಯ ಪ್ರತೀಕವೆಂದರೆ ತಪ್ಪಲ್ಲ. ಕಲ್ಯಾಣದ ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರು ನಿರ್ಮಿಸಿದ ಪ್ರಮುಖ ದೇವಾಲಯಗಲ್ಲಿ ಡಂಬಳದ ದೊಡ್ಡಬಸಪ್ಪನ ಗುಡಿಯೂ ಒಂದು. ಡಂಬಳದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುಮಾರು ಗುಡಿಗಳಿವೆ. ಅದರಲ್ಲಿ ಸೋಮೇಶ್ವರನ ಗುಡಿ, ಜಪದ ಬಾವಿ, ಕಲ್ಲೇಶ್ವರನ ಗುಡಿ ಪ್ರಮುಖವಾದುದು. ಡಂಬಳದ ಪ್ರಾಚೀನ ಕೋಟೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸುಮಾರು ಐತಿಹಾಸಿಕ ಕುರುಹುಗಳು ಸಿಗುತ್ತದೆ.  ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ಗಣೇಶನ ಗುಡಿಯು ಇದೆ. ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಜೈನರ ಬಸದಿ ಹಾಗೂ ಬೌದ್ಧ ವಿಹಾರಗಳು ಇದ್ದವು ಎಂಬುವುದಕ್ಕೂ ಬಹಳಷ್ಟು ಕುರುಹುಗಳು ದೊರೆಯುತ್ತದೆ. ಆದರೆ ಇವತ್ತಿಗೆ ಇವು ಸಂಪೂರ್ಣವಾಗಿ ನಶಿಸಿ ಹೋಗಿದೆ. ಇದು ಆ ಕಾಲಕ್ಕೆ ಒಂದು ಸರ್ವ ಧರ್ಮ ಕ್ಷೇತ್ರವಾಗಿತ್ತು. ಹಾಗು ಆಧುನಿಕ ಕಾಲದಲ್ಲೂ ಅನೇಕ ಧಾರ್ಮಿಕ ಕಾರ್ಯಗಳಿಗೆ ಪ್ರಸಿದ್ಧವಾಗಿದೆ. ಶಾಸನಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಡಂಬಳವು ಧರ್ಮವೊಲ ಹಾಗೂ  ಧರ್ಮಾಪುರವೆಂದು ಕರೆಯಲ್ಪಟ್ಟಿದೆ.
ದೊಡ್ಡ ಬಸಪ್ಪನ ಗುಡಿ, ಡಂಬಳ
 ದೊಡ್ಡ ಬಸಪ್ಪನ ಗುಡಿಯು ತನ್ನ ಮೂಲ ಸೌಂದರ್ಯವನ್ನು ಉಳಿಸಿಕೊಂಡಿದೆ. ಅಡಿಯಿಂದ ಮುಡಿಯವರಿಗೆ ನಕ್ಷತ್ರಾಕಾರದ ವಿನ್ಯಾಸವನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿರುವ ಈ ದೇವಾಲಯ ಭಾರತದ ವಾಸ್ತುಶಿಲ್ಪ ಅಧ್ಯಯನಕ್ಕೆ ವಿಶೇಷ ಉದಾಹರಣೆ. ಹೆನ್ರಿ ಕೋಸೆನ್ಸ್ರವರು ಈ ದೇವಾಲಯದ ನಿರ್ಮಾಣವು ಕಲ್ಯಾಣ ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರ ವಾಸ್ತುಶಿಲ್ಪಕ್ಕೆ ಹಿಡಿದ ಕನ್ನಡಿ ಎಂದು ಅಭಿಪ್ರಾಯ ಪಟ್ಟಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಈ ದೇವಾಲಯವು ಗರ್ಭಗೃಹ, ಅಂತರಾಳ, ನವರಂಗ, ಮುಖಮಂಟಪ ಹಾಗೂ ನಂದಿಮಂಟಪಗಳನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿದೆ. ದೇವಾಲಯದ ಎಲ್ಲ ಭಾಗಗಳು ವಿಶಾಲವಾಗಿದ್ದು ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರ ಶೈಲಿಯ ಅಚ್ಚು ಹೊಂದಿದೆ. ದೇವಾಲಯದ ಆವರಣದಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ಚಿಕ್ಕ ಬಾವಿ ಇದೆ. ಇಲ್ಲಿನ ಒಂದು ಶಾಸನದ ಪ್ರಕಾರ ಈ ದೇವಾಲಯವನ್ನು ಸ್ವಯಂಭು ಈಶ್ವರನ ಗುಡಿಯೆಂದು ಕರೆಯುತಿದ್ದರು. ದೇವಾಲಯದ ನಂದಿಮಂಟಪದಲ್ಲಿ ಇರುವ ದೊಡ್ಡ ನಂದಿಯ ಮೂರ್ತಿಯಿಂದಾಗಿಯೇ ಈಗ ಈ ದೇವಾಲಯವನ್ನು ದೂಡ ಬಸಪ್ಪನ ಗುಡಿ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಈ ದೇವಾಲಯದ ಕಾಲ ಸುಮಾರು ೧೧ನೇಯ ಶತಮಾನ ಹಾಗು ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯ ರಾಜಾ ವಿಕ್ರಮಾದಿತ್ಯ VI ರ ರಾಣಿಯಾದ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀದೇವಿಯ ಆಳ್ವಿಕ ಸಮಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಕಟ್ಟಲ್ಪಟ್ಟಿತ್ತು. 
ನಕ್ಷತ್ರಾಕಾರದ ಶಿಖರ
ದೊಡ್ಡ ಬಸ್ಸಪ್ಪ ಹಾಗೂ ಚಿಕ್ಕ ಬಸ್ಸಪ್ಪನ ಮೂರ್ತಿಗಳು
ಬಾಗಿಲವಾಡದ ಲಲಾಟದಲ್ಲಿ ಗಜಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀ ದೇವಿಯ ಉಬ್ಬುಶಿಲ್ಪ
ಬಾಗಿಲವಾಡದ ಏಳು ಪಟ್ಟಿಕೆಗಳಲ್ಲಿ  ದ್ವಾರಪಾಲಕರ ಕೆತ್ತನೆಗಳು
ಸ್ವಯಂಭು ಈಶ್ವರನ ಲಿಂಗ
ನೃತ್ಯಭಂಗಿಯಲ್ಲಿರುವ ಭಕ್ತರ  ಉಬ್ಬುಶಿಲ್ಪ
ಚಿಕ್ಕ ಬಾವಿ
ದೊಡ್ಡ ಬಸಪ್ಪನಗುಡಿಯ ಹಿಂಭಾಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಸುಮಾರು ೧೦೦ ಮೀಟರ್ ದೂರದಲ್ಲಿ ಇನ್ನೊಂದು ಸುಂದರ ದೇವಾಲಯವಿದೆ. ಈ ದೇವಾಲಯವನ್ನು ಸೋಮೇಶ್ವರಗುಡಿ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಹಿಂದೆ ಈ ಗುಡಿಯನು ಮೈಲಬೇಶ್ವರನ ಗುಡಿ ಎಂದು ಶಾಸನದಲ್ಲಿ ಕರೆಯಲ್ಪಟ್ಟಿದೆ. ಈ ಗುಡಿಯನ್ನು ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯ ದೊರೆ ಸೋಮೇಶ್ವರ I ರವರ ರಾಣಿಯಾದ ಮೈಲಾದೇವಿಯ ನೆನಪಿಗೆ ಕಟ್ಟಿದ್ದರು ಹಾಗೂ ಮುಂದಿನ ದಿನಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಸೋಮೇಶ್ವರನ ಗುಡಿ ಎಂದು ಬದಲಾಯಿತು. ಈ ಗುಡಿಯ ಗರ್ಭಗೃಹ ಚೌಕಾಕಾರದ ರೂಪದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದು ಅಂತರಾಳ, ತೆರೆದ ಸಭಾಮಂಟಪ ಹಾಗೂ ಮುಖಮಂಟಪವನ್ನು  ಹೊಂದಿದೆ. ಇವೆರಡು ಗುಡಿಗಳು ಊರಿನ ಹೊರಭಾಗದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದು ತಕ್ಕ ಮಟ್ಟಿಗೆ ಸುಸ್ಥಿತಿಯಲ್ಲಿದೆ. ಹಳೇಕೋಟೆಯ ಭಾಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ವಿಶಾಲವಾದ ಕೆರೆಯಿದೆ, ಈ ಕೆರೆಯನ್ನು ಶಾಸನದಲ್ಲಿ ಗೋಣಸಮುದ್ರ ಎಂದು ಕರೆದಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಈ ಕೆರೆಯ ಏರಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಆ ಕಾಲದ ತೂಬನ್ನು ಈಗಲೂ ಕಾಣಬಹುದು. ಸುತ್ತಲೂ ಕಲ್ಲಿನ ಗೋಡೆಯ ಕೋಟೆಯ ಅವಶೇಷಗಳನ್ನೂ ಕಾಣಬಹುದು.
ಶ್ರೀ ಸೋಮೇಶ್ವರ ಗುಡಿ
ಗೋಣಸಮುದ್ರ ಕೆರೆ 
ಡಂಬಳದ ಕೋಟೆ
ಅಲ್ಲಿಂದ ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ದೂರದಲ್ಲಿ ಮರುನಿರ್ಮಾಣವಾದ ಕಲ್ಲೇಶ್ವರನ ಗುಡಿ ಇದೆ, ದೇವಾಲಯದ ಉಳಿದ ಭಾಗಗಳನ್ನು ಉಪಯೋಗಿಸಿ ಪುನರ್ಪ್ರತಿಷ್ಟೆ ಮಾಡಲಾಗಿದೆ. ಈ ಗುಡಿ ಗರ್ಭಗೃಹ, ಅಂತರಾಳ ಹಾಗೂ ನವರಂಗವನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಿದೆ. ಈ ಗುಡಿಯ ಬಳಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ಸುಂದರವಾದ ಬಾವಿ ಇದೆ, ಈ ಬಾವಿಯನ್ನು ಜಪದ ಬಾವಿಯೆಂದು ಕರಿಯುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ವರ್ಷಗಳ ಹಿಂದೆ ಇದನ್ನು ಭೂಶೋಧನೆ ಮಾಡಿದರು. ಈ ಬಾವಿಯ ಸುತ್ತು ೧೫ ಚಿಕ್ಕ ಗುಡಿಗಳಲ್ಲಿ  ೧೨ನೇ ಶತಮಾನದಲ್ಲಿ ಋಷಿಗಳು ಕೂತು ಜಪ ಮಾಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದರು ಎಂಬ ಪ್ರತೀತಿಯಿದೆ. ಈ ಬಾವಿಯ ನೋಟವು ಅತೀ ಸುಂದರ ಹಾಗೂ ತುಂಬ ಪ್ರಶಾಂತವಾಗಿತ್ತು. ಒಟ್ಟಾರೆ ಡಂಬಳವು ನಮ್ಮ ನಾಡಿನ ಹಾಗೂ ಕಲ್ಯಾಣ ಚಾಲುಕ್ಯರ ಕಲಾಕೃತಿಗೆ ಒಂದು ಅದ್ಭುತ ಉದಾಹರಣೆಯಾಗಿ ನಿಲ್ಲುತ್ತದೆ.
ಶ್ರೀ ಕಲ್ಲೇಶ್ವರ ಗುಡಿ
ಜಪದ ಬಾವಿ
ಲೇಖನದ ಸಂಪಾದನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ನಮಗೆ ಸಹಾಯ ಮಾಡಿದ ಶ್ರೀ ರಂಜಿತ್ ಅಡಿಗ ರವರಿಗೆ ಹೃತ್ಪೂರ್ವಕ ಧನ್ಯವಾದಗಳು. 

ಉಲೇಖನ ಪಟ್ಟಿ:
೧.  ಧಾರವಾಡ ಜಿಲ್ಲಾ ಗ್ಯಾಸೆಟಿಯರ್
೨.  ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ದೇವಾಲಯ ಕೋಶ - ಗದಗ ಜಿಲ್ಲೆ

ಸಂಬಂಧಿತ ಲೇಖನಗಳು:
೧. ಶ್ರೀ  ಮುಕ್ತೇಶ್ವರಸ್ವಾಮಿ ದೇವಾಲಯ, ಚೌಡಯ್ಯದಾನಪುರ
೨. ಕರ್ನಾಟಕದ ದೇವಾಲಯಗಳು  
೩. ಕರ್ನಾಟಕದ ಕೋಟೆಗಳು

Sri Siddarameshwara Temple, Neeralgi, Haveri


‘Neeralgi’ or ’Niralagi’ is situated about 20 km from the town of Hubballi and is located off the Bengaluru – Pune National Highway. During my recent visit to Hubballi for a wedding, I managed to take a sneak peek of this temple along with a few of my friends. This beautiful temple is located outside the village of Neeralgi and from the outset seems to have been built during the later Kalyana Chalukya period apart from some elements added by the Hoysalas. An inscription found here states that this place was initially known as ‘Nerulage’ and also goes on to record the construction of the Mallinath Jinalaya along with the land grant made by Malla Gavunda (Nadaprabhu of Belahuge, present day’s Belavige). However, no basadi remains here now except for a few ruins spread across the village with the locals also confirming that there are no Jains living there as of today. The inscription was found in the premises of the old fort area and sadly nothing much of the fort survives today.  Thus one can easily assume that it was destroyed during the times of war or by the invaders. But the whereabouts of the Jain temple and its inhabitants still remains a mystery.
Sri Siddarameshwara Temple, Neeralgi
Sri Siddarameshwara Temple, Niralagi
 Also surprisingly, no inscription related to the construction of the Sri Siddarameshwara temple has been found till date. But on the basis of its style of construction, it can be assigned to the 12th century Kalyana Chalukya period. The inscription belonging to a much later period on a pillar of the Navaranga of the temple speaks about the restoration work of this temple carried out by Yakshadeva of Huligere. The temple comprises of a garbhagriha, an antarala and a navaranga with two mukhamantapas, of which the eastern mukhamantapa has collapsed. The garbhagriha houses a Shiva Linga along with the guardian Lord Nandi in the antarala. There are 2 devakosthas/niches on either side of the antarala, one housing a murti of the Saptamatrikas (the seven mother-goddesses) and the other a murti of Lord Vishnu (which doesn’t seem like the original). There is a beautiful makara torana in front of the antarala built in classical Chalukyan style; sadly which has been covered by a modern day photo. Although we were unable to witness the carvings on the Kapota portion, the locals informed us about the presence of images of Lords Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva.
Inscription on the Pillar regarding Restoration of the Temple
Lord Shiva and The Makara Torana
Rati, Manmatha and  Nandi along with Attendants(both sides) as Dwarapalas
 A heavily decked Dravidian Shikara crowns the garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum) which is attached to a beautiful vestibule. The keertimukha carved on the vestibule/sukanasi is vibrant and elaborately carved. What’s more interesting is the presence of Lord Vishnu’s Dashavatara on it.  This may have been a later addition when the temple was under the Hoysala rule. The Shikara has a unique pattern for karna kutas which are circular shape with grooves on its circumference, similar to a mechanical gear system unlike the commonly seen square/rectangular ones. Why it was carved so and what it really represents would be interesting to decipher or was it merely an architectural element added to enhance the beauty of the temple?
Shikara
Mechanical Gear System Arrangement
Karna Kutas on the Shikara
Keertimukha of Vestibule with Dasavatara Carved on it
The external walls have beautiful carvings of miniature shikaras and decorative pillars. There are three murtis inside the temple complex, of which one is quite interesting and rare to find. Though at the first look, the murti resembles that of Lord Dhanvantari and Vyasa Muni, a closer observation and further examination reveals more. However, the Dharwad Gazetteer mentions about the presence of a beautiful murti of Lord Bhairava in a seated posture in this temple, which helped us in identifying  the real identity of this murti. It can be confirmed that he murti is of Lord ‘Hariharapitamaha’ or Lord ‘Dattatreya’ who is a composite form of the Lords Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. Overall, it is a beautiful temple with many hidden mysteries waiting to be unravelled!
Lord Hariharapitamaha
Dravidian Shikara
Sekhari Shikara
Lord Varuna and his consort Carved on Makara Pranala
Hero stone

 References:
1.     Dharwad District Gazetteer – Karnataka State Government
2.    South Indian Inscriptions Vol. 18 – ASI

   Related Posts
  1. Sri Kalleshwara Temple, Angur 
  2. Sri Banashankari Temple, Amargol
  3. Top 50 lesser known must visit temples of Karnataka


Sri Eshwara Temple, Anekonda, Davangere

Sri Eshwara Temple, Anekonda
Sri Eshwara Temple, Anekonda

'Anekonda', a suburb of Davangere town located off the Davangere-Jagalur highway is home to the beautiful Sri Eshwara Temple built during the 11th century. Anekonda gets its name due to the army of elephants  being tied here when Bethuru was the capital city of Chalukyas. This town was ruled by various dynasties starting from the Gangas, the Cholas, Chalukyas, Uchchangi Pandyas and the Hoysalas. This temple is believed to have been built by the Hoysalas though the style seems inclined more towards the Chalukyan architecture. The temple finds its mention in the 12th century Pandya and 13th century Hoysala inscriptions. The pillars here bear the trademark of Hoysala architecture of being stellar in plan.
Sri Eshwara Temple, Anekonda
Side View of Sri Eshwara Temple, Anekonda
Miniature Shikaras and Turrets
Closer Look of Miniature Shikara
The temple has been carefully renovated taking care to retain the old structure wherever possible. This temple was built on a  raised platform. Originally a dwikuta temple as per initial plan, it  has now been converted into a trikuta temple as one of its mukhamandapa has been transformed into a garbhagriha during renovation. This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and the main garbhagriha houses a Shiva linga, while the other garbhagriha remains empty. The central ceiling of its Navaranga has one of the most exquisitely carved Gajasurasamhara flanked by Lords Vishnu and Brahma. In the panel below are 7 Goblins associated with Lord Shiva who are shown playing music for the Lord's dance. In the panel above are 12 Adityas, the sons of Goddess Aditi. The other eight Ankanas of the Navaranga have shallow lotuses with their pendants bearing the carvings of their respective Dikpalas.
Lord Shiva
The Grand Central Ceiling
Central Ceiling with Gajasurasamhara murti
Lord Gajasurasamhara along with Lords Brahma and Vishnu, 7 Goblins and 12 Adityas
Dancing Mohini ( Lady with Scorpion)
Dancing Mohini (Note the Scorpion)
Rati Manmatha
Rati - Manmatha
Goddess Saraswathi
Goddess Saraswathi
Male Dancer in Vaishnava Sthanaka Pose
Male Dancer in Vaishnava Sthanaka Pose
A 32 Angled stellar Pillar
 Right in front of this temple is a small mandapa dedicated to Lord Nandi. The front porch on both sides have 5 friezes with sculptured railing at the top. In the top panels are various figures such as those of the Dwarapalakas, dancing Ganesha, rishis, Rati-Manmatha, goblins and other erotic figures. The ceiling of the eastern mukhamandapa has carving of Lord Indira riding on the elephant Airavata at the center accompanied by heavenly musicians.
Ceiling of Mukhamandapa
Front Porch Carvings

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