KWLS is home to a variety of insects. It is an ideal environment since insects thrive under moist conditions and the flora here is in abundance.
Among the insect groups, moths and butterflies come under a large group called Lepidoptera ( scaly wing). Though moths and butterflies are similar, they differ externally. The antennae of butterflies are slender with clubbed tip while those of a moth can range from feathery or hairlike to even club shaped. India is home to about 1500 species of butterflies. Butterflies can vary in shape , color and size.
Presently, butterflies are classified into two super-families, of which hesperioidea has all the skippers, while papilionoidea includes the rest, the true butterflies.
Hesperioidea (Skippers) : The rapid bounding flight of these butterflies has given them their name . These are intermediate for true butterflies and true moths . Skippers of two types -one type hold their wings open flat when settled and others usually alight with their wings completely closed. This consist of a single family of Hesperiidae .
|Small Branded Swift Skipper|
Papilionoidea: This consist of 4 families , Papilionidea, Pieridae, Nymphalidae and Lycaenidae.
Papilionidea(Swallow tails): Truly the most spectacular group of Butterflies. This group not only has the largest butterfly, the southern birdwing, but also handsome species, the Paris peacock. Most among this group have tailed hind wings, hence the popular name Swallow tails .
|Lime Butterfly Open|
|Lime butterfly closed|
Pieridae(White and Yellows): These are commonly called white and yellows because of their wing are mainly white or yellow . The undersides of the wings of some these butterflies have cryptic marking, with only tip or apex of the fore wing visible .
Lycaenidae(Blues): The largest family of butterflies, having some of the prettiest and smallest butterflies. A majority of these butterflies have blue upper sides, though there are species with other colors too . A good lot of them have thread like tails at their hind wings ranging from small tufts to long fluffy hairs .
|Stale Flash Butterfly|
Nymphalidae (Brush footed Butterflies): The first pair of legs is much reduced in size. These legs are covered with long hairs, appear like brushes . Being so small , the fore legs are useless and Nymphalids use only four legs to perch and to walk .
|Blue Pansy Butterfly|
|Common Bush Brown|
|Common Evening Brown|
|Male Danaid Egg Fly Butterfly open|
|Male Danaid Egg fly Butterfly closed|
|Long Brand Bush Brown|
|Small Long Brand Bush brown|
1 Small branded swift skipper : Pelopidas mathias
2 Lime butterfly : Papilio demoleus .
3 Common gull: Cepora nerissa .
4 Common Jezebel: Delias eucharis .
5 Stale flash blue butterfly : Rapala manea .
6 Blue pansy butterfly : Jumonia orithiya .
7 Common bush brown : Mycalesis perseus .
8.Common evening brown : Melanitis leda .
9.Danaid egg fly : Hypolimnas misippus .
10. Long brand bush brown : Mycalesis visala .
11. Small long brand bush brown : Mycalesis igilia .
12.Plain tiger : Danaus chrysippus.
All these were photographed at Kaundinya Wildlife Sanctuary .
Reference used :
1. The book of Indian Butterflies ,written by Issac Kehimkar and Published by Bombay Natural History Society .
To be continued with more photos .............